Indonesians often complain about kelas menengah ngehe, or the “awful middle class”, on social media. But despite the ubiquity of the term, there is little consensus on how to define it. Who are the awful middle class? And what makes them so ngehe? Dr Salut Muhidin takes a look at the phenomenon.

Since the 1990s, inequality has risen faster in Indonesia than in any other East Asian country except China. What is causing rising inequality, and how is the Jokowi administration addressing it? What still needs to be done? Dr Matthew Wai-Poi, from the World Bank in Jakarta, examines Indonesia’s rising divide.

Inequality in Indonesia has reached record levels. What is driving this inequality, and what does Indonesian society look like as a result? Dr Dave McRae explores these issues and more with Dr Matthew Wai-Poi in the latest Talking Indonesia podcast.

Indonesian oil and gas exploration has been described as “in crisis”, with analysts pinning the blame on excessive and contradictory regulations and an inefficient bureaucracy. Senior ABC journalist Helen Brown spoke to Andang Bachtiar about his efforts to improve data access in the sector in this piece for Indonesia at Melbourne.

What is resource nationalism, what is driving its emergence in Indonesia, and what does it mean for the country? Dr Dave McRae explores these issues with PhD candidate Eve Warburton in the latest Talking Indonesia podcast.

Indonesian diplomats have been encouraged to promote the country’s exports and attract more foreign investment. But as Awidya Santikajaya writes, unless trade liberalisation is also part of the discussion, their efforts will not come to much.

Poor economic policy outcomes in Indonesia are often blamed on “vested interests” – elites who enjoy privileged access to political parties and government officials. But as Matthew Busch argues, this explanation tells only part of the story.

The first decade of Indonesian democracy coincided with a dramatic resources boom. As Professor Ross Garnaut writes, the test for Indonesia is how it responds now that the boom is over.