Salut Muhidin

Salut Muhidin is a senior lecturer in demography at the Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University. He has worked on the study of population dynamics, including migration, urbanisation and health, in Indonesia, Ghana, Burkina Faso and Australia.

Indonesians often complain about kelas menengah ngehe, or the “awful middle class”, on social media. But despite the ubiquity of the term, there is little consensus on how to define it. Who are the awful middle class? And what makes them so ngehe? Dr Salut Muhidin takes a look at the phenomenon.