The first three leadership debates have been derided as ‘uninteresting, stiff and scripted’. But Yoes C Kenawas writes that despite their weaknesses, the debates are important rituals for maintaining Indonesian democracy.

With rights on the agenda during the first debate on 17 January, expectations were high. But as Dr Ken Setiawan writes, the performance of both candidate pairs left little hope for an improvement in the human rights situation.

President Joko Widodo and running mate Ma’ruf Amin squared off against Prabowo Subianto and Sandiaga Uno in the first of five planned presidential debates on 17 January. Dr Dave McRae was watching, and presents his five key takeaways here.